BEATING THE MARKET: STOCK PRICE PREDICTION THROUGH ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS, SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES, AND SENTIMENT ANALYSIS


Authors
  • Noemi Mejia
  • University of Asia and the Pacific
Published in
  • Innovatus: Digital Transformation in Business Information Systems Vol. 5, No. 1 (Online), 2022
  • ISSN (Print): 2651-6993


Abstract
  • Many researchers have used support vector machines (SVMs), artificial neural networks (ANNs), and sentiment analyses (SA) in the prediction of stock prices. This study aims to make a comparison between SVMs and ANNs in terms of accuracy in predicting the Philippine Stock Exchange Index (PSEi). Additionally, the researcher wants to determine the effect that the SA has on the two models if they are combined. To do this, the researcher first collects five years’ worth of historical prices of the PSEi from the Yahoo! Finance website, and five years’ worth of news articles from the Philippine Daily Inquirer website. The researcher then formulates, trains, and tests five models: the ANN, SVM, SA, ANN-SA, and SVM-SA. These models are evaluated by their Mean Squared Error (MSE), R-squared (R2), and Directional Accuracy (DA). The predictions of the five models are then used to develop a set of trading decisions. Based on their MSE, R2, and DA, the models using ANN predict more accurately than those using SVM, while the SA predicts the least accurately. Additionally, the SA improves the predictions of the ANN, as seen in the ANN-SA model, but does the opposite on the prediction of the SVM, based on the SVM-SA model. Accuracy has been shown to have a significant impact on the rate of return. Results show that the more accurate the prediction of the model, the higher the annualized return.


Keywords
  • Neural Networks, Support Vector Machines, Sentiment Analysis




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